As such, marriage entitles a couple to celebrate their commitment to each other at a public event so celebrated in our culture. The Australian Greens have consistently supported same-sex marriage and have sought to legislate in support of their position in both the 42nd and 43rd Parliaments. He also repeatedly compared today's ruling to Lochner v. In response, many states, fearing that their courts would issue similar decisions, passed what are known collectively as Defense of Marriage Acts DOMAs , which specifically define marriage as a union between an opposite-sex couple. There has therefore been a long history in South Africa of interference with the all-important life enhancing choices people make about their intimate actions and relationships. This effort, however, failed to receive the two-thirds majority of both the U. However, there have been recent advances: Alternative terms[ edit ] Some proponents of legal recognition of same-sex marriage, such as Freedom to Marry and Canadians for Equal Marriage , use the terms marriage equality and equal marriage to indicate that they seek the recognition of same-sex marriage on equal ground with opposite-sex marriage as opposed to special rights. Voting 5 to 4, the Court overruled its earlier decision in Bowers v Hardwick and found that the state lacked a legitimate interest in regulating the private sexual conduct of consenting adults. But a hint of change in course came just four years after the ruling, when Justice Lewis Powell, who had provided the crucial fifth vote for the Bowers majority, stated publicly that he subsequently regretted his decision. Voters had voiced their opposition to the ruling in a advisory referendum. Despite these factual similarities, the court in Lawrence overruled its earlier decision in Bowers, thereby invalidating not only the Texas statute but all anti-sodomy laws. The Court argued that in an open and democratic society contemplated by the Constitution there must be mutual respect and co-existence between the secular and the sacred. I was the Southwest Bureau manager for Forbes While this argument could be justified based on religious beliefs, from a legal and constitutional point of view, the Court found, it does not hold water. Nevertheless, in , and , opponents of gay marriage in the U.